Puppy care information

VACCINATION

What should your dog be vaccinated against?

Parvovirus, Distemper, Hepatitis and Canine Cough (both Bordatella and Parainfluenza).

When?

6 weeks            C3 vaccination   (parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis)             

9-10 weeks      C5 vaccination   (C3 + canine cough)                        

12 weeks          C4 vaccination   (C3 + canine cough)

(Or given 3-4 weeks apart depending on the age of your puppy )

Followed by an ANNUAL vaccination for life

A modified vaccination program may be recommended depending on your puppy’s age and vaccination status. Your puppy should not go into public places (including dog parks, out on the footpath) until fully vaccinated. Diseases such as parvovirus can be contracted from contaminated ground and do not require dog to dog contact. 

HEARTWORM PREVENTION

Heartworm is spread by mosquitoes, so prevention is necessary even if your dog doesn’t mix with other dogs. We recommend Proheart SR12 – an annual heartworm preventative injection given yearly with vaccination.  Puppies should have their first injection at 12 weeks of age followed by a booster at 6 months (at the time of desexing) and then annually with vaccination for life. 

This is the gold standard treatment for your dog but there are monthly alternatives available.

WORMING

Puppies are small and can be significantly affected by even a few worms.  These worms can also spread to people, especially children so it is very important to prevent infestation. There are four types of worms that we look to protect your puppy from. Roundworm, Hookworm, Tapeworm (including hydatids) and Whipworm.

The amount you worm your dog changes on age.

Worm every fortnight from 2 to 12 weeks of age, then monthly up to 6 months of age, then every three months for life. We recommend Drontal or Milpro as an all-worming option. Drontal gives you the option of a tasty chew or a tablet, while Milpro comes in a tablet form with a tasty liver coating for high palatability.

FLEAS & TICKS

Flea control is very important for small puppies.  A large flea burden can cause anaemia.  We recommend all pets are on year-round flea control.  In Brisbane’s warm humid climate it can be very difficult to eradicate an established flea burden in your house and yard – it is much better to keep them away in the first place. Ticks can be a life-threatening problem all year round but particularly in the warmer months and especially after rain.  If you are in a known paralysis tick area or your dog is likely to come into contact with ticks (check with the clinic) use a suitable prevention program.

Nexgard – small tasty chews given monthly.

Bravecto – option of a 3-monthly chew or a 6-monthly pipette applied to the back of the neck

Please note, all animals in the household must be treated for control to be effective!  (ALL dogs & ALL cats)

NB: No product is 100% effective.  Nothing beats checking your dog over by hand each day – remove any ticks straight away and monitor your dog closely for signs of tick envenomation. SYMPTOMS of tick paralysis include wobbly back legs, change in voice, retching or vomiting, coughing, depression, disinterest and collapse. Seek veterinary attention immediately if your dog is showing any of these signs!

ALL IN ONE

Nexgard Spectra is an all in one product, covering your pet from fleas, ticks, intestinal worms and heartworm. This chew must be given monthly, especially for the continued protection from heartworm

DESEXING

We recommend desexing at six months of age, although it can be done at any age.

It involves a day visit with us and then recheck and stitches out after 10 days. They will have an elizabethan collar on to stop them getting to the wound during these 10 days.  Desexing will help control problems such as roaming, aggression, inappropriate mounting and mammary, testicular and prostate cancer.  Your council registration will also be considerably lower. There is no advantage for your female dog to have a season or a litter first before desexing!  In fact, speying a bitch before her first season will dramatically reduce the risk of mammary tumours (breast cancer) in later life.

FEEDING

Feed a commercially prepared puppy diet as these are balanced in all the vitamins, minerals and dietary requirements your growing pup needs. Puppy foods should be fed until your dog is physically mature – until 12 months of age in small, medium and large breeds and up to 18 months in giant breeds.

When it comes to dog food it certainly is true that you get what you pay for. Cheaper foods contain poorer quality and less digestible ingredients. Simply put this means more of it passes right through and is deposited on the lawn. The better the quality of food the less of it you need to feed.  Typically, cheaper foods will result in larger and softer stools and higher quality foods will produce smaller, firmer stools.

We recommend the premium quality foods Royal Canin Junior and Hills Science Diet Puppy.

How Often? 

Up to 3 months old………….. 3 meals / day

From 3+ months old…………..2 meals / day

We recommend feeding adult dogs twice daily to maintain their metabolism. Regardless of the frequency of feeding it is important to monitor your dog’s body condition and tailor the amount of food accordingly.  Very often this will be less than the recommended amount on the side of the bag of dog food!  Obesity is a major health concern for many dogs and – just as it is for people – it is the balance between calories consumed and calories burned that determines whether we and our pets maintain a healthy weight.

MICROCHIP IMPLANTS

As of May 2017 the Queensland Government requires all puppies are microchipped by 12 weeks of age. This responsibility falls to the breeder or rescue centre handling them.  Regardless of legislative requirements microchipping your dog is an important thing to do. A microchip implant means lifetime identification.  The microchip is approximately the size of a grain of rice and is inserted under the skin between the shoulder blades by a simple injection. The one-off fee includes the microchip and lifetime registration on a national database.  Remember a collar and tag can be easily lost, but a microchip is there for life. Remember to keep your contact details up to date on your pet’s microchip – this can be done online or over the phone.

ADVICE ON TABLET GIVING

Train your pup to take tablets from an early age.  You can do this by:

  1. Starting tablets (for worming) rather than liquids at a young age.
  2. Get your pup used to being touched around the gums and inside the mouth.  Pretend to give them              tablets and follow this up with praise and a treat.  They will soon get used to having their mouth examined and will be much easier to tablet (and easier for the vet to check their teeth too!)

It is also important to get your pup used to having their nails clipped and feet handled at a young age.  Do this frequently with your young dog so you both become comfortable and confident with this essential part of doggy grooming.

PUPPY SOCIALISATION

Our pups must be well adjusted in many different environments from a very young age – expose your pup to people and other animals (only vaccinated dogs).  Good puppy and juvenile training lays the foundation for a well behaved adult dog.  Puppy Preschool classes make learning an enjoyable experience for you and your pup. We run puppy school all year around. Ask one of our nurses for more information.  

IF YOU HAVE ANY PROBLEMS OR QUESTIONS ABOUT YOUR NEW PUP, PLEASE DO NOT HESITATE TO GIVE US A CALL